(verb) Destroy or break. Example: ‘The tornado damaged a large number of houses’.
(noun) Statistics, figures, information. For example: ‘The most accurate data available on a country’s population is probably found in Census information collected every four years in a Government survey.’
(noun) The time by which something must be done or completed. Example: ‘The deadline for finishing the report is next Tuesday’.
When the punishment for a crime means you will be killed, this is the death penalty. See also: CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
(noun) Discussion, argument. For example: ‘Controversial subjects such as capital punishment often attract heated debate.’
(noun) Something owed; needs to be repaid. Example: ‘Many students amass a large debt while studying.’
(noun) Ten year period. For example: ‘Almost certainly violent crime has increased dramatically over the last decade.’
(noun) A weakening, a fall off, a drop off. For example: ‘Fortunately, there has been a decline in the number of cigarette smokers over recent years.’
(verb) Figure out, reason, work out. For example: ‘It can be deduced from the information given that the problem is likely to continue.’
(noun) A conclusion drawn from evidence. Example: ‘The deduction made was clearly logical.’
(verb) Identify, describe. For example: ‘The main responsibilities of a job are defined in the job description.’
(adjective) Certain, sure. For example: ‘Scientists know that there are definite links between cigarette smoking and lung cancer, though the causes of many other cancers as still unknown.’
(verb) To show. Example: ‘It is important to demonstrate a range of accurate grammar in your IELTS essay’.
(verb) Indicate, stand for, identify. For example: ‘Many road accidents are caused because drivers do not understand the Highway Code and ignore road signs which denote the need for caution.’
(verb) Disallow, refuse. For example: ‘The students were denied the right to longer holidays despite their protests.’
(verb) Weaken, cause to drop. For example: ‘The Government should take action in reducing inflation as many people are worried that it will depress the economy even further.’
(verb) Arrive at (from reasoning). For example: ‘This conclusion can logically be derived from the information given.’
(noun) A statement that describes something. Example: ‘For Task I writing, you may have to give a description of a diagram’.
(verb) Invent, create. For example: ‘The Head of the Marketing Department has designed a new marketing strategy which will hopefully bring more business to the company.’
(preposition) In spite of, even with. For example: ‘Despite the Government’s efforts to increase safety of citizens, the level of crime has continued to increase.’
(verb) Form an inpression, find out, discover. For example: ‘From the reaction of the staff, it was easy to detect that they were unhappy with the new proposal.’
(verb) To get worse. For example: ‘The situation has deteriorated’.
(verb) reduce value or importance of something. Example: ‘His negative comments detracted from the enjoyment of the evening’.
(verb) Move away from, differ. For example: ‘A large number of young people today like to deviate from the norm of their society.’
(noun) Machine, tool, gadget. For example: ‘Electronic devices such as mobile phones have improved our ability to communicate’
(verb) dedicate, give, alot. For example: ‘It is important to devote adequate time to studying for an exam to ensure a good result.’
(noun) A conversation. Example: ‘In Parts One and Three of the listening test, you will hear a dialogue between two or more people and you will have to answer questions.’
(verb) Tell apart, distinguish, see the difference between. For example: ‘It is important for teachers to differentiate between the different skills and abilities of their students to ensure they all get a good education.’
(noun) Aspect, feature, factor. For example: ‘The subject has many dimensions which must be taken into consideration when formulating a rounded argument.’
(verb). Reduce, weaken, detract from (authority, reputation, prestige, responsibility). Example: ‘Many people are unhappy when laws are introduced which seem to diminish parents’ responsibility for their own children.’
(noun) Route, focus, aim. Example: ‘The introduction of a report shows the direction and main ideas included in the body’.
Not having an equal situation to something or someone else; when something or someone has less than other people have.
(verb) 1. To fire a weapon. ‘He discharged the gun’
(verb) 2. To release. let go. ‘The patient was discharged from hospital this morning’.
(adjective) Separate, disconnected. For example: ‘The Council is made up of there discrete divisions and communication between them is often difficult.’
(verb) Show prejudice. For example: ‘Companies should not discriminate against older workers because of their age as their knowledge, experience and maturity can be of great benefit to a business.’
(verb) Choose to ignore; decide something is unimportant. Example: ‘The CEO dismissed the idea of higher wages for staff’.
(noun) Illness, syndrome. Example: ‘Many learning disorders have now been identified.’
(noun) A difference, something that is not similar. Example: ‘There are disparities in economic stability in different regions’.
See also: INEQUALITY
(verb) move or shift from usual position. For example: ‘Due to the enormous damage to property a large number if people were displaced due to the damage caused by earthquake.’
(verb) show, present. For example: ‘By law, motorists must display a current tax disc in the windscreen of their vehicle.’
(verb) Get rid of, throw away. For example: ‘It is our duty as citizens to dispose of rubbish responsibly.’
(adjective) clear, defintie, noticeable. For example: ‘The bar chart shows that there is a distinct variation in purchasing habits over the period shown.’
(verb) Alter, warp, misrepresent. For example: ‘The facts received were so distorted that it was difficult to know the truth of the matter.’
(verb) Spread, give out. For example: ‘It is the Council’s responsibility to distribute information leaflets on this topic to ensure that the public are aware.’
(adjective) Varied, including different types. For example: ‘Cities such as London for example, are interesting as the population there is made up of many cultures and is so diverse.’
(noun) Differences in standard between two or more things. Example: ‘There are divisions in wealth between different areas of the country’.
(noun) Report, file, paper. For example: ‘A marriage certificate is an example of a legally-binding document.’
(adjective) Describing opinions or beliefs that are unproven but presented as facts. Example: ‘It is important that you state your opinions in an appropriate manner and are not dogmatic.’
(noun) Area. sphere. For example: ‘The domain of computer science involves many sub areas.’
(adjective) Within a country, internal, national. For example: ‘A number of countries generate much higher income from business in their international markets than from domestic sales.’
(verb) Rule, control, lead, govern, overshadow. For example: ‘Use of Microsoft products is so widespread it can be said that they dominate the software industry.’
(verb) Draw up, prepare, plan. For example: ‘I need to draft a proposal before the meeting next week.’
(noun) Crisis, commotion. For example: ‘The proposed changes to the education system have caused quite a drama in the newspapers recently.’
(adjective) Signiificant, large, major. “There was a dramatic rise in the cost of production.”
(noun) a problem, a weakness. Example: ‘One drawback of living in a foreign country is that you may not be able to communicate so easily’.
(adjective) Not interesting; boring. Example: ‘Some technical books can be very dull to read.’
(noun) Period, length of time. For example: ‘Exam candidates are not allowed to talk at all for the full duration of the exam.’
(adjective) Continually changing or progressing. For example: ‘The IT industry is extremely dynamic with huge investment into Research and Development. ‘