(verb) Help, aid, make easy. For example: ‘Agreement and cooperation between the two Governments has helped to facilitate the programme.’
(noun) Amenities, services available. Example: ‘The facilities at the new leisure centre are excellent.’
(noun) issue, feature, aspect, reason. For example: ‘There are a number of factors which influence an increase in crime.’
(noun) Sense of knowing something very well. Example: ‘With familiarity, it becomes easier to have conversations in English’.
(noun) characteristic, trait, quality. For example: ‘The computer programme has a number of features which are extremely user-friendly.’
(adjective) Centralised (related to Government). For example: ‘The Federal Government of the U.S.A. controls laws and issues relating to all States.’
(noun) Charge, payment. For example: ‘Entry to the park used to be free but now visitors are asked to pay a small fee.’
(noun) Report, profile, record. For example: ‘A CV and copy of qualifications are kept in the staff file of each employee.’
(adjective) Last, ending. For example: ‘The final point relating to this issue is the most significant’
(noun) Money, funding. For example: ‘Hospitals in the public sector often have difficulty obtaining enough finance to provide quality healthcare.’
(adjective) Limited, set. For example: ‘Fossil fuels, such as coal, are a finite resource and it is important to find an alternative before supplies are used up completely.’
(adjective) From personal experience or from the original source. Example: ‘Overseas volunteers get first hand experience of problems some people face in poorer countries.’
(adjective) Adaptable, open to change. For example: ‘Hours worked by students in part-time jobs need to be flexible so they can take time off if necessary for revision.’
(noun) A diagram showing the sequence of events. Example: ‘The process was explained clearly by use of a flowchart’.
(verb) Vary, change, rise and fall. For example: ‘It can be seen from the graph that expenditure fluctuated from March to July, after which it steadily increased.’
(noun) A measure of how clear and connected your speech is. Example: ‘He knows a lot of grammar, but has difficulty speaking – he has very poor fluency’.
(verb) Direct attention towards a central, focal point. For example: ‘The majority of people seem to agree that the Government should focus on increasing job opportunities for school leavers.’
(noun) Arrangement, layout, design. For example: ‘I like the format of the new text book, it is clear and easy to follow.’
(noun) Method, recipe, blueprint. For example: ‘Many movies these days are not based upon new ideas, simply new actors and locations following an old formula.’
(adjective) Approaching, coming soon, imminent. For example: ‘The forthcoming election is likely to result in a change of Government.’
(verb) establish, set up. For example: ‘The university has a long history and was founded in 1903.’
(noun) Base, basis. For example: ‘My business diploma has provided a good foundation for my studies, now I hope to study a Bachelor’s Degree.’
(noun) Structure, basis. For example: ‘The framework of the course includes all aspects of study which relate to my job.’
(adjective) Annoying, irritating. Example: ‘Learning a foreign language can be frustrating if there are not many opportunities to practise.’
(adverb) Completely, 100%. Example: ‘I fully understand his point of view’.
(verb) Purpose, meaning, role. For example: ‘The main function of the department is quality control.’
(verb) Finance, support financially. For example: ‘Many university students take on part-time work to help to fund their studies.’
(adverb). Additionally, also. Example: ‘Drug use is illegal and furthermore it is damaging to health.’
(noun). Sex, male or female. Example: ‘Women in the workplace are still sometimes discriminated against because of their gender.’
(adjective). Not particular or exact. Example: ‘I have a general idea as to what I will be studying on my course, but no specific information yet.’
(verb). Produce, cause. Example: ‘It is hoped that the new advertising campaign will create enough interest to generate a huge increase in sales.’
(noun). Age group, age bracket. Example: ‘It is often difficult to understand the thinking of people of different generations’
(adjective) General, not specific. Example: ‘Generic sales letters are less successful than those personalised for the receiver.’
(Verb phrase) To lose focus. Example: ‘When reading an IELTS passage for specific information, it is important not to get sidetracked with small details.’
(adjective). Worldwide. Example: ‘Global awareness is increasing as more and more people travel and are able to experience different countries firsthand.’
(noun) A list of words and explanations at the end of a text. Example: ‘Some IELTS reading passages will have a short glossary at the end’.
(noun). Objective, aim. Example: ‘The goal of the training programme is to improve communication within the team.’
(noun). Score, mark. Example: ‘It is important to answer the question correctly in order to achieve a high grade in the exam.’
(noun phrase) Structures used to show past, present or future. E.g. Present simple tense, past continuous tense.
(noun phrase) A variety of sentence structures and tenses. Example: ‘It is important to demonstrate a wide grammatical range in the IELTS test.’
(Adverb) To do with grammar.
(noun). Financial subsidy to offer support. Example: ‘Government grants for higher education allow students from poorer families to also gain a university education.’
(adjective) Thankful. Example: ‘I am very grateful to my teacher as I learned a lot from him’.
(noun) A state of being thankful or grateful. Example: ‘Guests often show their gratitutde by bringing a small gift.’
(verb). Assure, make certain. Example: ‘Many young people nowadays are deciding against going to university as they think that a university degree will not guarantee them a job.’
(noun) An assurance that something is protected. Example: ‘He got a three year guarantee with his new television’.
A guarantee is also called a warranty
(noun). Suggested rule to follow. Example: ‘The Government has issued healthy eating guidelines to schools in an effort make school meals healthier.’
So, therefore, because. The government has increased taxes, hence many educated people are leaving for foreign countries to find work.
(noun) A group of people or things arranged in order of rank or grade. Example: ‘Most larger corporations have a management hierarchy’.
(verb). Draw attention to, emphasise. Example: ‘The increase in homeless people over recent years highlights the need for a better social welfare system.’
(noun) Privilege. Example: ‘It was an honour to meet the Queen’.
(adjective) Parallel to level ground. Example: If you have backache, it is recommended that you remain horizontal in bed.
(adjective) Caring, civilised, kind. Example: ‘Humanitarian organisations deliver food and supplies to poor communities all over the world.’
(noun). Theory, assumption. Example: ‘The research conducted so far indicates that the hypothesis is accurate.’
(adjective) Theoretical, supposed. Example: ‘The presentation he gave was based based on a hypothetical situation.’