(adjective) Exactly the same. ‘Identical twins share the same genetic make up’.
(verb) To tell the difference between; to recognise. Example: ‘It is important to identify all parts of the graph before beginning to write your Task I essay’.
(noun) Belief system, values. Example: ‘The ideology of left wing and right wing political parties is different in a number of ways’.
(adjective) Unaware, lacking knowledge. ‘Travelling abroad broadens our knowledge and allows us to become less ignorant about other cultures.’
(verb). Demonstrate, give an example, show. Example: ‘The example used in the lecture illustrated the theory we were being taught.’
(noun) A picture or diagram. Example: ‘There is an illustration of the product on the box’.
(noun). Impression, idea, view. Example: ‘The behaviour of a country’s citizens abroad influences the image of the country itself.’
(adjective) made up; unreal. Example: ‘The characters in children’s books are usually imaginary’.
(noun) Moving into a country which is not your place of birth. See also EMMIGRATION
Example: John is from England. He now lives in New Zealand. He has emmigrated from England and immigrated to New Zealand.
Having an influence or effect on something.
(verb) To put into action, to start. Example: ‘The changes will be implemented immediately’.
(Noun) Consequence, related result. Example: ‘The implications of abuse of drugs such as ecstasy are still unknown’.
(adjective) Not spoken but understood between two or more parties. Example: ‘We have an implicit agreement not to talk about the difficulty again. ‘
(verb) Suggest, say something indirectly. Example: ‘Although my boss didn’t so say directly, he implied that my having a holiday then would be inconvenient’.
(verb) Make compulsory, force. Example: ‘In some countries, penalties are imposed on families who have more than one child’.
(adjective) Deeper, more detailed. Example: ‘Market researchers often conduct in-depth interviews to find out specific and detailed information. ‘
(adjective) Not recommended. Example: It is inadvisable to carry a lot of money in your wallet. It is better to keep it in a bank’.
(noun) Offering to encourage someone to do something. Example: ‘Incentives such as lower tax rates could encourage companies to expand their operations in rural areas’.
(noun) occurance, situation. example: ‘There have been a number of incidences where children who have watched violent movies have acted violently themselves’.
(noun) Money coming in (often for working). Example: ‘It is important to have a job that gives a regular income’.
(adjective) Not whole, not finished. Example: ‘An essay is incomplete without a conclusion’.
(adjective) Problematic, awkward, badly timed. Example: ‘The meeting was inconvenient for everyone so the time was changed’.
(verb) Include, add in. Example: Some parents believe it is wrong for schools to incorporate a sex education programme into their science classes.
(noun) Contents list Example: The quickest way to search for content is to look in the index.
(verb) To show or suggest. Example: “He indicated that he was bored.”
(noun = INDICATION) A sign showing or suggesting something.
(noun)The state of not having an opinion one way or another. Example: ‘He showed his indifference clearly through his comment that he didn’t care who won the election’.
(noun) Manufacturing and processing. Example: ‘The service sector is often bigger than the manufacturing industry in many developed countries’.
(noun) A difference, something that is not equal. Example: “Even today, there are inequalities in the workplace for men and women’.
(adjective) Unavoidable, certain. For example: ‘With advances in medical treatment, it is inevitable that the aging population will grow.’
(verb) Assume, suppose, suggest. For example: ‘The message received infers there will be trouble ahead.’
(verb) To tell, to notify. Example: ‘You should inform the police if you see a crime’.
(noun) Network, roads and rail. For example: ‘Government investment in the public transport infrasturcture will help encourage more people to use public transport.’
(noun) A violation, a breach, an act against something. Example: ‘Some people believe that having to carry identification cards is an infrigement of our right to privacy.’
(adjective) Essential, intrinsic. Hard work and dedication are inherent to success.
(verb) Hold back, prevent. For example: ‘Excess criticism can inhibit a child’s confidence to try new things.’
(adjective) First, preliminary, original. For example: ‘My initial impressions of my new job were negative, though now I enjoy it.’
(verb) Start, begin, make the first move. For example: ‘The Government should initiate a move towards more responsible recycling of rubbish.’
(verb) hurt, harm. For example: ‘Insurance often does not cover individuals who injure themselves whilst taking part in dangerous sports.’
(verb) make something new, something up to date. For example: ‘The company needs to innovate its image and products to attract younger customers who currently think it is old fashioned.’
(noun)Contribution of ideas, opinions, effort. For example: ‘The CEO asked for my input at the meeting, which shows he values my ideas.’
(verb) Put in, include, add in. For example: ‘Illustrations are often inserted into a text to make the information more interesting.’
(noun) Understanding, knowledge of a situation. For example: ‘World news reports allow people from developed countries an insight into the suffering of people in the developing world’
(verb) Check, examine. For example: ‘The landlord will come to inspect our apartment for damage before we move out next week’
(noun) Situation, case, occasion. For example: ‘In this instance you will not be required to pay, though there is usually a fee’
(noun) Institution, organization. For example: ‘The institution, which is responsible for medical research, was founded in 1970.’
(verb) Command, order. For example: ‘The company has instructed workers not to talk to the media about the problem’
(noun) What you have to do. For example: His instructions were to deliver the package to Mr Jones.
(adjective) Cannot be solved or overcome. ‘An insurmountable problem’
(adjective) Essential, central. For example: ‘Useful learning outcomes are intergral to a good education system’
(verb) Mix in, become part of, join together. For example: ‘It is useful for immigrants to speak the language of the country they live if they wish to integrate properly into the community.’
(noun) Having honesty, honour and reliability. For example: ‘He is well respected and known for his integrity.’
(noun) Having intellect, cleverness. For example: ‘A sound education will allow anyone to develop their intelligence’
(verb) The way people or things act and react to each other. Example: ‘When children go to nursery school or kindergarten, they can interact with others their own age’.
(verb) Subsitute, use two things for the same purpose. Example: ‘Native speakers of English interchange going to and the present continuous to talk about future plans and arrangements’.
(verb) Become too involved in something that does not concern you (often your help is not wanted). Example: ‘Some teenagers believe that their parents interfere too much in their decisions.’
(verb) To have an impact on, to disturb, to interrupt. Example: ‘It is important your native language does not interefere with people’s ability to understand you when speaking English.’
(adjective) Mid-level. For example: ‘Students with an intermediate level of English have problems getting a high IELTS result.’
(adjective) Inside, within. ‘Companies often conduct internal audits to be sure operations are running correctly’.
(verb) Translate into another language. For example: ‘The President’s speech was interpreted into a number of languages.’
(noun) Understanding, explanation. For example: ‘The newspaper’s interpretation of events was very different to the information I saw on the news.’
(noun) Gap, break. For example: ‘The weather forecast says it will rain most of tomorrow but that there will be brief sunny intervals.’
(verb) Get involved, interfere. For example:’The State should not intervene in the domestic affairs of its citizens’
(noun) A verb that requires an object. Example: like, meet.
(adjective) essential, vital, fundamental. For example: ‘Fair discipline procedures are intrinsic to the successful running of a school’
(adjective) Opposite; converse; opposing. Example: ‘There is an inverse relationship when something increases as the other decreases’.
(verb) To switch around, to reverse, to change order. Example: ‘It is possible to invert your sentence structure to show a wider range of structures in your writing. There was an increase in sales last month could become Last month, there was an increase in sales.’
(verb) put in, devote (time, effort, money). For example: ‘Parents invest a great deal of time, energy and money into the raising of their children.’
(verb) Look into, probe. For example: ‘The police are currently investigating the crime and hope to find the culprit soon.’
(verb) include, comprise. For example: ‘Setting up a new business involves a great deal of planning, risk and hard work.’
(adjective) Not useful or connected to the subject. Example: ‘You need to make sure that the points you include in your IELTS essay are related to the question. Do not include any irrelevant points.’
(adjective) Not showing responsibility or maturity. Example: ‘It is irresponsible to drive while under the influence of alcohol’.
(adjective) Cut off, lonely, seperate. For example: ‘University students can often feel isolated at first when they move to a new town away from their friends and family.’
(noun) Subject, topic, matter. For example: ‘The internet is a useful tool for keeping people informed of global issues.’
(noun) A style of writing in which the letters of the words lean to the right. This sentence is written in italics.
(noun) Thing, article. For example: ‘The packaging of a huge number of items on our weekly shopping list is unneccessary and damaging to the environment.’
(noun) work, role. For example: ‘Getting an interesting and well-paid job is the goal for most university graduates.’
(noun) academic publication, academic paper, periodical. For example: ‘Journals can sometimes be difficult to read as the language used is very academic.’
(verb) Give good reason for, rationalise, excuse. For example: ‘Governments should be made to justify the high salaries of politicians.’
KEEP IN TOUCH:
To stay in communication with someone.
(noun) The main words in a sentence that express the main ideas. Example: ‘In the reading test, you can find answers quickly and efficiently by looking for keywords.’
(verb) Mark, identify. For example: ‘Unhealthy foods containing additives or with high fat or sugar content should be clearly labelled.’
(noun) A tag showing title or information. Example: ‘In the IELTS test you should read any labels that are given on diagrams’.
(noun) work. For example: ‘It is more beneficial to society to set up Labour Schemes for non-violent criminals rather than imprison them.’
(verb) Not have something that is considered desirable or needed. Example: ‘Many elderly people lack the ability to surf the internet.’
(noun) Decision made by a government; rule of a country. Example: ‘The government has just passed a law making it illegal to use a mobile phone while driving’.
(noun) level, tier. For example: ‘There are many layers to this problem.’
(noun) university lesson, class. For example: ‘I often take a dictophone to my lectures as it can be difficult to understand all of the information.’
(noun) Similar to a teacher but presenting more academic subjects, often to a large group of people
(adjective) Lawful, authorised by law. For example: ‘The death penalty is still legal in a number of countries.’
(verb) Make legal. Example: Some people believe that drugs such as cannabis should be legalised’.
(verb) Pass laws. For example: ‘Many people believe that the Government legislates in private matters which do not concern it.’
(noun) Legal matters; law. Example: ‘The government has introduced new legislation relating to schools.’
(comparative adjective) Referring to people who have less than average (commonly referring to money or opportunities). Example: ‘It is difficult for less advantaged families to be able to buy their own home’.
(noun) tax. For example: ‘Levies in the country are so high that for finacial reasons people are choosing to live abroad.’
(adjective) Talking about vocabulary (words). For example: ‘He has a good lexical ability – he knows a lot of words’
(adjective) broad-minded, tolerant. For example: ‘Some people believe society is too liberal and that we should return to more traditional values.’
(noun) Having the necessary qualifications. Example: A driver’s licence, a doctor’s license
(noun phrase) A prediction of the average time a person will live. Example: ‘Life expectancy in Japan is one of the highest in the world.’
(adverb) Similarly, in the same way. For example: ‘Some people see no benefit in the arts and likewise have no interest in learning more about them.’
(noun) A top or bottom point. For example: If you drink three bottles of beer, you are over the limit to be able to drive.
(noun) Drawbacks, weak points, short comings. Example: ‘Although the argument has some good points, there are also some limitations.’
(adjective) Restricted, kept within a certain amount. Example: ‘You have to answer some IELTS questions in a limited number of words.’
(noun) Relationship, connection. For example: ‘Experts now believe there is a link between diet and bad behaviour in children.’
(verb) To make a connection, to join.
(noun phrase) A word used to connect ideas. For example: and, yet, however.
(verb) Find. track down. For example: ‘I could not locate the street on the map and had to ask for directions.’
(noun) Reason, sense, common sense. For example: ‘The majority of people cannot see the logic behind the recent decision.’
(adjective) Makes sense, is reasonable. Example: ‘It is important to take a logical approach to the IELTS exam’.
To be faithful to someone or something. Example: ‘Dogs are very loyal pets’.