(noun) Example, model. For example: ‘A paradigm to illustrate the situation follows.’
(noun) Section of a text. For example: ‘It is important to use paragraphs in essay writing as it is easier for the reader to follow the key ideas.’
(adjective) Similar, matching, equivalent. For example: ‘It is important for couples to have parrallel goals in life and beliefs.’
(noun) limit, boundary. For example: ‘The parameters of our knowledge are expanding all the time.’
(verb) To write about something again in another form or other words.
(verb) Take part in, join, join in. For example: ‘Over 200 companies will participate in next week’s exhibition.’
(adverb) To a great degree; especially. Example: ‘It is important to write clearly, particularly in your IELTS exam’.
(verb) Unite, connect, link up. For example: ‘The two companies intend to partner together for the purpose of the project.’
(noun) A piece of reading with more than one paragraph. Example: ‘In the IELTS reading test, you have to answer questions about the passages given’.
(adjective) Not active, learnt through exposure not action. For example: ‘We are influenced in a passive way by many factors in our lives.’
A grammar term for a sentence that changes the subject and object. For example: ‘Someone has stolen my car’ (active) becomes ‘My car has been stolen’ (passive).
(noun) Quality of being tolerant, understanding or calm. Example: ‘When working with teenagers, it is necessary to have patience’.
(noun) Someone who is receiving medical care
(adjective) Tolerant, understanding, calm. For example: ‘When training a dog, you need to be patient. Shouting at the animal will not help.’
(verb) To punish, to give a penalty. Example: ‘Students who hand in their assignments late are penalised by losing a percentage of their marks’.
(noun) Punishment; fine; consequence. Example: ‘The penalty for driving over the speed limit is strict in many countries.’
(verb) Understand, comprehend. For example: ‘The attitudes of our parents influence the way in which we perceive the world.’
(noun) proportion out of a hundred (%). For example: ‘According to the chart less than 8 percent of people never watch television.’
(noun) Phase, time. For example: ‘While summer was very busy the company is now experiencing a quiet period.’
(noun) Point of view, outlook, perception. For example: ‘It is important to consider the situation from more than one perspective.’
(noun) Period of time, temporary period. For example: ‘Many of us go through phases in our life when we have negative experiences.’
(noun) Occurence, happening. For example: ‘As our understanding increases many previously unexplained phenomena can now be understood.’
Phenomenon – single
Phenomena – plural
(noun) Viewpoint, way of life. For example: ‘Many traditional business philosophies are still taught and useful today.’
(adjective) Bodily. For example: ‘Physical beauty is often wrongly valued over personality in our society.’
(grammar term) More than one. Example: ‘The plural of shoe is shoes.’
(conjunction) More, added to. Example: Everything is half price plus they are giving away free accessories.
POINT OF VIEW:
(noun phrase) An opinion . Example: ‘It can sometimes be difficult to understand other peoples’ points of view.’
(noun) Rule, strategy, plan. For example: ‘The change in immigration policy has resulted in more people immigrating to the country.’
The total number of people living in a place. For example: ‘The population of Japan is over 120 million.’
(noun) part, piece. For example: ‘The company invests a significant portion of its profits into research and development.’
(adjective) In support, not negative. For example: ‘Customers’ reaction to the new product has been positive and sales are expected to increase..’
(noun) The full possible extent of ability or excellence. Example: ‘The course allows trainees to perform in their job to their full potential’
(adjective) Possible, probable, likely. For example: ‘The idea has a lot of potential benefits if put into place carefully.’
(noun) The state of being poor (opposite=wealth) Example: ‘A large proportion of the developing world lives in poverty.’
(noun) A person with a professional skill. For example: ‘A general practioner or G.P. refers patients to specialist doctors when necessary.’
(verb) come before, preface. For example: ‘He preceded his presentation with a welcome speech.’
(adjective) Accurate, exact. For example: ‘The information given at the meeting was very precise.’
(verb) Foretell, estimate. For example: ‘Experts predict that house prices will continue to rise.’
(noun) A guess, an estimation about the future. Example: ‘The prediciton that the world’s population will rise is probably correct.’
(adjective) Main, most common. For example: ‘The predominant reason people commit crime is lack of money.’
(noun) A preferred choice; something you would rather have/do. Example: ‘They are both good universities, but my preference would be to study at the university in my hometown’.
(adjective) Initial, first. For example: ‘A preliminary hearing is often held before a major court case goes to trial.’
(noun) A part of grammar that tells you about place or time. Examples:
on the table
between the chairs
at 12 p.m.
A force or a feeling that something has to be done.
(noun) Assume, suppose. For example: ‘In many legal systems someone accused of commiting a crime is presumed innocent until proven guilty.’
(adjective) Earlier, prior, before. For example: ‘The research results are similar to and support those in the previous study.’
(adverb) Most importantly, firstly
(adjective) Main, most important. For example: ‘The primary cause of skin cancer is over-exposure to the sun.’
(adjective) Major, key. For example: ‘His experience and qualifications make him a prime candidate for promotion.’
(noun) Head or boss of an operation (often a school). Example: ‘The school will have a new Principal from next semester’.
(noun) Idea, standard, belief. For example: ‘The principle behind offering free university education is to give equal opportunites to all.’
(adjective) Previous, earlier. For example: ‘In the years prior to cheaper air travel, few people had the opportunity to experience different countries and their cultures.’
(noun) Factor of number one importance. For example: ‘The main priority when parents divorce should be the well-being of the children.’
(verb) Go forward, begin, carry on. ‘Please proceed without me as I will be unable to attend the meeting’.
(verb) Procedure, way of doing something. For example: ‘IELTS task 1 writing may involve describing a process, such as, for example, whiskey-making.’
(adjective) Specialised, qualified, skilled or trained in a given area For example: ‘The country needs to attract more professional people into its workforce.’
(noun) Relating to people working in an educated field such as lawyers and accountants.
(verb) ban, do not allow by law. For example: ‘Laws exist which prohibit the sale of alcohol and cigarettes to children.’
(Noun) An undertaking involving effort. For example: ‘Improving public healthcare is a significant project for the Government.’
(verb) Advertise, publicise An undertaking involving effort. For example: ‘Improving public healthcare is a significant project for the Government.’
(noun) A raise in your job position. Example: ‘He was given a promotion from sales assistant to sales manager’
(noun) Something used to help organise and structure ideas. Example: ‘Good public speakers write notes in the form of prompts to help them give a speech.’
(Noun) Amount, quantity, part. For example: ‘A number of companies donate a proportion of their profits to charity every year.’
(adjective) suggested, planned. Example: ‘The proposed building was rejected because of the cost’.
(verb) PROPOSE To suggest, to plan
(noun) PROPOSAL A suggestion, a suggested plan
(Noun) Opportunity, option, chance. For example: ‘The computer industry offers a range of job prospects to qualified people.’
(Noun) Code of conduct, set of rules. For example: ‘Employees of the company are expected to follow a strict protocol.’
(verb) To give or offer. Example: ‘IELTS students need to provide evidence and examples to support their opinions.’
(Noun) Mental processes and behaviour, thoughts and emotions. For example: ‘Human psychology is extremely complex.’
Buses and trains for example.
(Noun) Printed work i.e. book, magazine, newspaper, journal. For example: ‘The author’s new publication is said to be his best.’
(Verb) Make public, make known. For example: ‘Not all facts are published and the General Public may not be aware of the dangers.’
Not late / on time.
(Verb) Buy. For example: ‘Identification is often required in order to purchase alcohol.’
(Verb) Go in for, take up, engage in. For example: ‘A number of teachers are becoming disillusioned with teaching and are pursuing different careers.’
(grammar term) A word that gives more information to the main subject. Example: ‘Tokyo is a lot more crowded than Auckland’.
(Verb) Cite, refer to the words of another. For example: ‘No more than two or three sentences should be directly quoted from another author in academic writing.’