Correct English Grammar: Interjections

Usually no errors are associated with Interjections because they are isolated expressions and are preceded by a sentence. Interjections do use an exclamatory sign after them. The followings are the expressions:

Common English Rules

1.      Interjections of  happy emotions should represent happy events and vice versa.


1.      Bravo! You have done well.
2.      Hush! Don’t speak louder.
3.      What! I can’t understand.
4.      Why! where’s every one?
5.      Alas! I am undone.
6.      Well done! That ‘s a good attempt.
7.      Yahoo! We have won the game.
8.      Hurrah! The door is open.
9.      Good Gracious! What is he going to do?
10. O people! What happens to you?
11.  Ah! Where are the joys?
12.  What a pity! You are so careless.

1
Incorrect
Correct

1.      Yahoo! He has failed.
2.      Hush! Tell every body.
3.      What pity? His father is alive.


Alas! He has failed.
Hush! Don’t tell any body.
What a pity! His father is dead.

Correct English Grammar: The Conjunctions

Conjunctions join nouns, phrases and clauses and add transitions to one’s speech and writing. There is a better flow of ideas if conjunctions are used properly.

Common English Rules

1.      Elements in the Parallel statements must be parallel. We must use Present Indefinite Tense after When, If, As soon as and Unless if there is a Future Tense in the next clause. Both refers to two things, not more than two, so As well As must be used with it if there are more than two persons or things.

2.      We use Whether after Doubt, not That. After Although, we must use Yet, not, But. We use Than after No sooner and When after Scarcely. Two Conjunctions in one sentence are not possible. After Lest, we must use Should, not Shall.

1
Incorrect
Correct

1.      I speak both English  as well as Urdu.
2.      It is durable and also inexpensive.
3.      Both Sameer, Ali, and Shaan are talking part in this match.
4.      He plays hockey and cricket also.

5.      He listens not only to music but dances also.
6.      He went to the States so he can meet his brother.

7.      We will go to meet him when his father will come back home.
8.      I will pay you when my pay will rise in June.


I speak both English  and Urdu.
It is both durable and inexpensive.
Both Sameer and Ali as well as  Shaan are talking part in this match.
He plays both hockey and cricket/ He plays hockey as well as cricket.
He listens not only to music but also dances.
He went to the States so that he could/might meet his brother.
We will go to meet him when his father comes back home.
I will pay you when my pay rises in June.

2
Incorrect
Correct

1.      He doubts that I am honest.
2.      Although I am weak but I can walk as fast as you can.
3.      No sooner I left, the guests came.
4.      I had scarcely told the whole story than he began to weep.
5.      When you are ready now, we can leave.
6.      Not only I gave him food but also money to start his business.
7.      Supposing if there were sharks then what?
8.      Only then I realized that he was a good man.
9.      Neither he speaks, nor he meets any one.
10. Until you don’t admit your mistake, you will be fined.



11.  You cannot learn English unless you don’t remove your hesitation.
12.  I can’t do it before he comes back.
13.  Because I was sick so I couldn’t come to college yesterday.
14.  He asked me that why I had done so.
15.  You can’t cook like my mother does.
16.  Walk carefully lest you don’t stumble.
17.  I come here so that I learn English .
18.  As it is raining so we can’t go out.
19.  I am no other but Naeem.

He doubts whether I am honest.
Although I am weak, I can walk as fast as you can.
No sooner did I leave than the guests came.
I had scarcely told the whole story when he began to weep.
Since you are ready now, we can leave.
Not only did I give him food but (also) money to start his business.
Supposing/ If there were sharks then what?
Only then did I realize that he was a good man.
Neither does he speak nor does he meet any one.
Until you admit your mistake, you will be fined/ You will be fined so long as you don’t admit your mistake.
You cannot learn English unless you remove your hesitation.
I can’t do it unless he comes  back.
Because I was sick, I couldn’t come to college yesterday/ I was sick so I couldn’t come to
He asked me why I had done so.
You can’t cook as my mother does.
Walk carefully lest you (should ) stumble.
I come here so that I may /can / could learn English.
As it is raining, we can’t go out/ It is raining so we can’t go out.
I am no other than Naeem.
20. He disturbed me during I was reading.
21.  She speaks while eating.


22. This is a good novel I am reading it.
He disturbed me while I was reading.
She speaks during eating/ while she is eating.
This is a good novel which I am reading .

Correct English Grammar: The Prepositions

Prepositions are tiny words, which connect two words in respect to their relation, direction and state. Prepositions can usually be controlled by cramming because there are no hard and fast rules to learn them, as there are many exceptions.

Common English Rules

1.      Some words do not take prepositions after them.
2.      Some verbs do take prepositions after them.

3.      If a verb takes a particular preposition, it must be used if the sentence has an object to which the preposition refers.
4.      After Regard, Define, we use As, but not after Consider.
5.      We use Between for two and Among for more than two. Beside means “near” and Besides means “In addition to”. We use either Despite or In spite of but no other form is possible.
6.      The above incorrect Prepositional sentences represent wrong use of Prepositions.

1
Incorrect
Correct

1.      We love with Pakistan.
2.      He resembles with his father.
3.      When did you enter into the building?
4.      I reached at the station very late.
5.      I asked from him his name.

We love Pakistan.
He resembles his father.

When did you enter the building?
I reached the station very late.
I asked him his name.

2
Incorrect
Correct

1.      We pray God when we are in trouble.
2.      I am listening you.
3.      She hasn’t written me since Eid.
4.      If I am off, I have to explain  my boss.
5.      He said me, “We should go home now.”


We pray to God when we are in trouble.
I am listening to you.
She hasn’t written to me since Eid.
If I am off, I have to explain to my boss.
He said to me, “We should go home now.”

3
Incorrect
Correct

1.      There is no one to talk.
2.      Is there any fine music to  listen.
3.      This pen is to write.
4.      I have many problems to think.
5.      There was nothing to worry.


There is no one to talk to.
Is there any fine music to        listen to.
This pen is to write with.
I have many problems to think about.
There was nothing to worry about.

4
Incorrect
Correct

1.      I regard you my brother.
2.      He has defined poetry to be a reflective of one’s mind.
3.      I consider it as a mistake.


I regard you as my brother.
He has defined poetry as a reflective of one’s mind.
I consider it a mistake.

5
Incorrect
Correct


1.      The two brothers divide all things among themselves.
2.      The property was divided between all the sons equally.
3.      He likes living at the river instead of in the mountains.
4.      He came to see me on Eid.
5.      He is sitting at the table.

6.      Beside English , I can speak two other languages.
7.      He lives besides my house.

The two brothers divide all things between themselves.
The property was divided among all the sons equally.
He likes living on the river instead of in the mountains.
He came to see me at Eid.
He is sitting on the table.
Besides English , I can speak two other languages.
He lives beside my house.

8.      You can come to see me every day not on Saturday.
9.      All of the class leaving Ali was present in the hall.
10.  He came to help me instead him.
11.  I wanted to be a psychologist but I became a teacher instead a psychologist.
12.  He eats at home instead going to a restaurant.
13.  You can get all kinds of things around, such like books, socks and other amenities.
14.  Books, as this, are highly appreciable.
15.  Despite of his opposition, I won the elections.
16.  I stayed at home because raining.
17.  She has her personal case for to keep her things.
18.  He went to Lahore for finding a job.
19.  This key is to open locks.
20.  I need another course for teach my students effectively.
21.  He learnt English quite well to/for practicing it all day long.

You can come to see me every day but/except on Saturday.
All of the class but/ except Ali was present in the hall.
He came to help me instead of him.
I wanted to be a psychologist but I became a teacher instead/ instead of a psychologist.
He eats at home instead of going to a restaurant.
You can get all kinds of things around, such as books, socks and other amenities.
Books, such as this, are highly appreciable.
Despite/ In spite of his opposition, I won the elections.
I stayed at home because it was raining/of the rain.
She has her personal case to keep/ for keeping her things.
He went to Lahore to find a job.
This key is for opening locks.
I need another course to teach /for teaching my students effectively.
He learnt English  quite well by practicing it all day long.

6
Incorrect
Correct

1.      I usually travel in bus.
2.      He came to see me by his car.
3.      We will see you on Eid.
4.      I live at Lahore.
5.      My books fell in the river.
6.      The cat jumped on the table.
7.      I always go to college by foot.
8.      What is the time in his watch?
9.      I am not afraid from you.
10.  When did you arrive Pakistan?
11.  Why are you angry on me?
12.  You should repent for/on your sins.
13.  I sent a beautiful card on your e-mail address.
14.  The teacher told their students to open the books on page seven.
15.  I met many people in the way.
16.  I searched for my pockets.
17.  They searched me in the jungle.
18.  We used to play under the shade of trees.
19.  They will take revenge from you.
20.  The guests came at Friday.
21.  The program will be telecasted from Monday.
22.  Word by word translation is not always correct.
23.  I am ill from high fever.
24.  My father was suffering with jaundice.
25.  We are getting late from university.
26.  Many people die from cholera in the streets.
27.  I can say nothing on your face.
28.  You are like a son for me.
29.  I stopped/prevented you to do that.
30.  Despite of working hard, he played games all day.
31.  In spite enjoying games and spending time with friends, I passed BA.
32.  I swear on/from your head.
33.  The teacher is very popular among his friends.
34.  Why are you so kind on me?
35.  He threatened me by a stick.
36.  The child was killed with a stone.
37.  He comes from a good family and comes of Pakistan.
38.  My name is not in the list because I am not in the committee.
39.  There is no easy way of success.
40.  We will return back soon because he is waiting us.
41.  It is no time for sleep.
42.  They came to home very late.
43.  When do you go school?
44.  We write with black ink.
45.  Next month, I am sitting in the BA examination.
46.  My check is of/from the United Bank Limited.
47.  They will be back after an hour.
48.  Oil sells in liters.
49.  There are two children from his first wife.
50.  We were amazed on his performance.
51.  They are operating the child.
52.  Social facilities must be provided to the poor.
53.  A woman in the hospital delivered twins.
54.  I don’t like being talked.
55.  What are you looking?
56.   The chairman is busy on Sunday to Friday.
57.  I was very busy in my work.

58.  Ali has many qualities beside honesty.
59.  I accompanied with the guests.
60.  The case was disposed.

61.  Aslam still depends his family.
62.  What is the reason of his failure?
63.  There is no harm to play here.
64.  Nobody invited him on dinner.
65.  There is a famous saying in the Arabs.
66.  They have nothing to sit.
67.  The criminal was called with different names.
68.  We visited London during 1981 and 1985.
69.  Please help me in my work.
70.  They have committed themselves in serving the humanity.
71.  Don’t interfere in my affairs.
72.  Attend your work.
73.  The chairman called for a meeting.
74.  Who is knocking the door?
75.  They were charged of theft.
76.  Why are you jealous with me?
77.  There are always two sides of matter.
78.  The criminal met his fate and the matter ended.
79.  We caught him from the head.
80.  I congratulated him for his marriage.     
81.  I am an expert to speak English .         
82.  This essay in full with mistakes.                
83.  You are good in English  now.
84.  I can part with you but I can’t part from this profession.

I usually travel by bus.
He came to see me in his car.
We will see you at Eid.
I live in Lahore.
My books fell into the river.
The cat jumped upon the table.
I always go to college on foot.
What is the time by his watch?
I am not afraid of you.
When did you arrive in Pakistan?

Why are you angry with me?
You should repent of your sins.
I sent a beautiful card to your e-mail address.

The teacher told their students to open the books at page seven.
I met many people on the way.
I searched my pockets.

They searched for me in the jungle.
We used to play in the shade of trees.
They will take revenge on you.
The guests came on Friday.
The program will be telecast on Monday.

Word for word translation is not always correct.
I am ill with high fever.

My father was suffering from jaundice.

We are getting late for university.
Many people die of cholera in the streets.
I can say nothing to your face.
You are like a son to me.
I forbade you to do that/ stopped/ prevented you from doing that.
Despite working hard, he played games all day.

In spite of enjoying games and spending time with friends, I passed BA.

I swear by your head.

The teacher is very popular with his friends.
Why are you so kind to me?
He threatened me with a stick.
The child was killed by a stone.
He comes of a good family and comes from Pakistan.
My name is not on the list because I am not on the committee.
There is no easy way to success.
We will return soon because he is waiting for us.
It is no time to sleep.
They came home very late.
When do you go to school?
We write in black ink.

Next month, I am sitting (for) the BA examination.

My check is on the United Bank Limited.

They will be back in an hour.
Oil sells by liters.
There are two children by his first wife.
We were amazed at/ by his performance.
They are operating on the child.
Social facilities must be provided for the poor.
A woman in the hospital was delivered of twins.

I don’t like being talked to.
What are you looking at?
The chairman is busy from Sunday to Friday.
I was very busy with my work.
Ali has many qualities besides honesty.
I accompanied the guests.
The case was disposed of.
Aslam still depends on his family.
What is the reason for his failure?
There is no harm in playing here.
Nobody invited him to dinner.
There is a famous saying among the Arabs.
They have nothing to sit on.
The criminal was called by different names.
We visited London between 1981 and 1985.
Please help me with my work.
They have committed themselves to serving the humanity.
Don’t interfere with my affairs.
Attend to your work.
The chairman called a meeting.
Who is knocking at the door?
They were charged with theft.
Why are you jealous of me?
There are always two sides to matter.
The criminal met with his fate and the matter ended.
We caught him by the head.
I congratulated him on his marriage.
I am an expert in speaking English .    
This essay in full of mistakes.
You are good at English  now.                                                                                                                                                                                                    
I can part from you but I can’t part with this profession.

Correct English Grammar: The Verb

Verb is the most important Part of Speech in English. So, special care should be taken while using it. Choice of verbs and proper handling of its forms and clauses is most important for flawless communication. Verbs normally show action and state.

Common English Rules:

1.      Before FOR and SINCE, we usually use Perfect or Perfect Continuous Tenses, not Continuous tenses. Verbs such as understand, hear and smell are not normally used in Progressive Tenses.

2.      Transitive verbs must take objects and Intransitive verbs do the otherwise. Also, the Intransitive verbs are not used in the passive.
3.      If a job is done to the subject of a sentence, it must be in the passive. In Passives, we always use the third form of the verb. By is used if there is an Agent and With if there is an instrument.
4.      If the first clause of a sentence is in the past, the other, too, must be past
5.      We don’t use Not after Unless. If there are two clauses in a sentence referring to the future, If, When, unless should be in the Present.
6.      We don’t use To after all Modal Auxiliaries such as Can, Could, Will and Had better. Must is used for Logical Necessity and Should for social and moral obligations. We always use Second form of the verb after Would      Rather That. (Be) Used To shows habits and must take an –Ing after the verb and Used To shows habitual actions in the past, it doesn’t take an –Ing. After Suggested/ Proposed/It is important That, we use verb without S,ES in TPS. After High Time and As If, we use Past Indefinite or Was or Were.
8.      We don’t use To after Let, Make and Have when they are used in Causative sentences. But we use To after Get.  When you don’t mention the Agent, you can use Third form of the verb after Get and Have; but if there is an Agent, you must use first form of the verb after them.
9.      I Wish shows Optative feelings and Kaash. For this, Only the following structures are possible with the following meanings.

a.      I wish + Had iii                =  Past meaning
b.      Would/could                                =  Present/future temporary wish
c.       ii verb form                                  =  Present repeated wish
d.      were                            =  Future wish 


1
Incorrect
Correct

1.      I am work hard daily.
2.      She come to college late.
3.      Why you shout?
4.      We visit the museum yesterday.
5.      I am working in this college for seven years.
6.      He lives here since 1956.

7.      You are weeping for two hours.
8.      When I reached home, I found that he slept.
9.      They said that they met me yesterday.
10. He left before I phoned him.
11.  On Monday, I saw a boy who was my student long ago.
12.  Have you gone to Lahore before?
13.  Ahmad will save 500 dollars by June.    
14.  We will reach the station before you finish your work.
15.  I hoped that I will win but I lost any way.
16.  She hoped that he will marry her; but he didn’t.
17.  I am not seeing that boy.
18.  Are you hearing me?
19.  I am not understanding you.
20. I have and will support you.
21.  I asked him what was he eating?
22. She asked me if I can speak English .


I work hard daily.
She comes to college late.
Why do you shout?
We visited the museum yesterday.
I have been working  in this college for seven years.
He has been living here since 1956.
You have been weeping for two hours.
When I reached home, I found that he had slept.
They said that they had met me yesterday.
He had left before I phoned him.
On Monday, I saw a boy who had been my student long ago.
Have you been to Lahore before?
Ahmad will have saved 500 dollars by June.
We will have reached the station before you finish your work.
I had hoped that I would win but I lost any way.
She had hoped that he would marry her; but he didn’t.
I cannot see that boy.
Do/can you hear me?
I cannot/don’t understand you.
I have supported and will support you.
I asked him what he was eating.
She asked me if I could speak English .

2
Incorrect
Correct

1.      When I went to see him, he was watching.
2.      Many people are died daily.
3.      He killed and was sent to prison. 
4.      What was happened yesterday?
5.      What you are saying?
6.      Who did come to your home?


When I went to see him, he was watching TV/ a film etc.
Many people die daily.
He killed a man etc. and was sent to prison.
What happened yesterday?
What are you saying?
Who came to your home?

3
Incorrect
Correct

1.      Cricket does not play here.
2.      The students are fining for coming late.
3.      Three persons killed in an accident.
4.      This book has written by the famous writer.

5.      The students will punish today by the teacher.
6.      My car made in Japan.
7.      Libraries not consulted during exams.
8.      I born in Lahore.


Cricket is not played here.
The students are being fined for coming late.
Three persons were killed in an accident.

This book has been written by the famous writer.
The students will be punished today by the teacher.
My car is made in Japan.
Libraries are not consulted during exams.
I was born in Lahore.
9.      Workers are paid from the company.
10. I was sponsored from my relatives in America.
11.  I accepted to the American University.

Workers are paid by the company.
I was sponsored by my relatives in America.
I was accepted to the American University.

4
Incorrect
Correct

1.      He told me that he will come soon.
2.      They said to me that they are late.
3.      I didn’t say that I am working.
4.      You said that he live here.
5.      We said with sorrow that what a pity!

He told me that he would come soon.
They told me that they were late.
I didn’t say that I was working.
You said that he lived there/ lives here.
We exclaimed with sorrow that it was a pity.

5
Incorrect
Correct

1.      If you heat water, it has boil.
2.      If it rain today, I will stay home.
3.      If you will hurry, we will reach there in time.
4.      If he worked hard, he will pass.
5.      If she eat less, she would lose weight.
6.      If you didn’t tell a lie, she will never hate you so much.
7.      If it rained yesterday, we would have enjoyed ourselves.
8.      If I had more money, I would have give it to her.
9.      You will have got a ticket easily if Ali were there.
10. If he was rich, she will marry him.
11.  I will be very happy if it was a holiday today.
12.  You will not succeed unless you don’t work hard.
13.  Unless she will not phone me, I cannot go to meet her.
14.  We can’t help him unless he will promise to give up all this.
15.  Unless I don’t come back don’t go.

If you heat water, it boils/ will boil.
If it rains today, I will stay home.
If you hurry, we will reach there in time.
If he worked hard, he would pass.
If she ate less, she would lose weight.
If you didn’t tell a lie, she would never hate you so much.
If it had rained yesterday, we would have enjoyed ourselves
If I had had more money, I would have given it to her.
You would have got a ticket easily if Ali had been there.
If he were rich, she would marry him.
I would be very happy if it were a holiday today.
You will not succeed unless you  work hard.
Unless she phones me, I cannot go to meet her.
We can’t help him unless he promises to give up all this.
Unless I come back, don’t go.

6
Incorrect
Correct


1.      He can to speak English  now.
2.      Would you liking to play tennis with me tomorrow?   
3.      They look tired. They should have traveled all night.
4.      His room lights are on. He can have slept.
5.      He is wearing a black coat. He can be a lawyer.
6.      It’s nine. It will be Jaleel at the door.
7.      Hurry up and let’s go! Your father must come now.
8.      You live near the mosque.You will say your prayers regularly.
9.      She was first in her annual test. She should work hard much.
10. He used to playing foot ball but he plays chess these days.
11.  She uses to meet him daily.
12.   I had better to go and see him because he is in trouble.
13.  He had not better stay here any longer.
14.  You had better don’t play here.
15.  A: Would you come?
B:  I’d rather not to go.
16.  I’d rather scrub at home than to go abroad.
17.  A: I’ll help you.
B: I’d rather that you don’t.
18.  I’d rather that she stops smoking now.
19.  We’d rather that you should come the day after tomorrow.
20. Would you please don’t make a noise?


He can speak English  now.

Would you like to play tennis with me tomorrow?

They look tired. They must have traveled all night.
His room lights are on. He must have slept.
He is wearing a black coat. He must be a lawyer.
It’s nine. It must be Jaleel at the door.
Hurry up and let’s go! Your father must be coming now.

You live near the mosque. You must say your prayers regularly.
She was first in her annual test. She must work hard much.
He used to play foot ball / was used to playing football but he plays chess these days.
She used to meet him daily/ She goes to meet him daily.
I had better go and see him because he is in trouble.
He had better not stay here any longer.
You had better not play here.
A: Would you come?
B:  I’d rather not come.
I’d rather scrub at home than go abroad.
A: I’ll help you.
B: I’d rather that you didn’t.


I’d rather that she stopped smoking now.
We’d rather that you came the day after tomorrow.
Please don’t make a noise./ Would you please not make a noise?

7
Incorrect
Correct

1.      I suggested that we shall go to a refreshing place.
2.      I propose that the meeting will be held every month.
3.      He requested that God helps/ helped him.
4.      Her husband insisted that she has a car.
5.      It’s important that he goes to university at this age.
6.      You talk as if you are a teacher.
7.      It is high time we learn from our mistakes.

I suggested that we (should)
 go to a refreshing place.
I propose that the meeting (should) be held every month.

He requested that God help him.

Her husband insisted that she have a car.
It’s important that he go to university at this age.

You talk as if you were a teacher.
It is high time we learnt from our mistakes.

8
Incorrect
Correct

1.      He made us to work till late at night.
2.      You make her washing clothes daily.
3.      He made me believing that he was an artist.
4.      They made us laughed      a lot.
5.      I couldn’t make myself understand/hear/felt etc.
6.      Don’t worry about it! I will get him do the job.
7.      We should get the house white wash in summer.
8.      He got him kill.
9.      He had his whole house repair.
10. Why are you having this boy kill?
11.  Our teacher usually lets us to spare some time for discussion.
12.  He is angry. Let him to cool for some time.
13.  They let me using their net for a long time.
14.  I always help her that he does his homework in time.
15.  This book help me learnt English quite effectively.

He made us work till late at night.
You make her wash clothes daily.
He made me believe that he was an artist.
They made us laugh a lot.

I couldn’t make myself understood/ heard/felt etc.

Don’t worry about it! I will get him to do the job.
We should get the house white washed in summer.

He got him killed.
He had his whole house repaired.
Why are you having this boy killed/ kill someone?
Our teacher usually lets us spare some time for discussion.
He is angry. Let him cool for some time.
They let me use their net for a long time.
I always help her (to) do his homework in time.

This book helped me learn English quite effectively.

9
Incorrect
Correct

1.      I wish you passed the last exam.

2.      I wish I didn’t go there.

3.      Ali wish that he bought three houses in this town a long time ago.

4.      I wish you go with us tomorrow.
5.      She wish that she passed her next exam.

6.      I wish my friend will come to see me every day.
7.      He wishes that his brother doesn’t beat him like that.
8.      I wish I was a doctor.
9.      She wishes that it was good luck.
10. I wish he was here with me now.

I wish you had passed /would / could have passed /the last exam.
I wish I hadn’t/wouldn’t have gone there.
Ali wishes that he had/could/ would have bought three houses in this town a long time ago.
I wish you would/could go with us tomorrow.
She wishes that she would/could pass her next exam.
I wish my friend came to see me every day.

He wishes that his brother didn’t  beat him like that.

I wish I were a doctor.
She wishes that it were good luck.
I wish he were here with me now.

Correct English Grammar: Adverbs

Adverbs, unlike Adjectives, modify verbs and Adjectives; but do not qualify or modify Noun or Pronoun. They are mainly limited to Verbs only and control their performance and frequency.
Common English Rules: Adverbs
1.      Only Adverbs modify verbs, not Adjectives. Some words look like Adverbs such as cowardly, manly etc. but are Adjectives, so they cannot modify verbs.

2.      In Verbal Modifiers, we use Too instead of Very; otherwise in simple sentences, Too is wrong before Adjectives in Academic Register.
3.      Past Indefinite Tense takes Ago, not Before. Before Past Participles, we use Adverbs, not Adjectives to convey the sense of manner.
4.      Adverbs of frequency usually come in the middle of a sentence and Adverbs of time usually come at the end. The complete expression to show ability is Know how to + vi., not Know alone.
5.      We don’t normally use To after But and Than. We use Else but and Other than, not the otherwise.
6.            We usually use Yet at the end of a sentence and Even and Already between Helping and Real Verbs.
7.      When must take a subject. We use For to show period of time and Since to show point of time.
8.      If Adverbs of Frequency are used before the sentence, the helping verb comes, before the subject. Some time means “for some time only, not for long” and Sometimes means “only often or occasionally, not always”
9.      As a whole means “Generally” and Wholly means “Completely”.

1
Incorrect
Correct
1.      I learnt English slow.
2.      He speaks English good.
3.      The meeting was managed good by the staff.
4.      You can speak French fluent now.
5.      After three years in London, he learnt English perfect.
6.      You can clear see the whole of Lahore from the top of  Minar-e-Pakistan.
7.      It will cost you dear.
8.      He drove the car fastly.
9.      He came home lately yesterday.
10. They looked at us silly.
11.  They ran away cowardly.
12.  The principal received us friendlily.
13.  I did the essay hasty and made too many mistakes.
14.  I did all the questions wrongly.
I learnt English slowly.
He speaks English well.
The meeting was managed well by the staff.
You can speak French fluently now.
After three years in London, he learnt English perfectly.
You can clearly see the whole of Lahore from the  top of  Minar-e-Pakistan.
It will cost you dearly.
He drove the car fast.
He came home late yesterday.
They looked at us in a silly way.
They ran away in a cowardly manner.
The principal received us in a friendly manner.
I did the essay hastily and made too many mistakes.
I did all the questions wrong.
2
Incorrect
Correct
1.      The glass is very hot to touch.
2.      I am too happy to see you.
3.      We are much happy today.
4.      The angry father beat the son very hardly.
5.      The movie was rather good.
6.      He was fairly tense.
The glass is too hot to touch.
I am very happy to see you.
We are very happy today.
The father angry beat the son very hard.
The movie was fairly good.
He was rather tense.
3
Incorrect
Correct
1.      I left this job two months before.
2.      I left my umbrella back.
3.      She described the incident in details.
4.      The house was beautiful furnished.
5.      I am not political minded.
6.      He is mad in love with her.
I left this job two months ago.
I left my umbrella behind.
She described the incident in detail.
The house was beautifully furnished.
I am not politically minded.
He is madly in love with her.
4
Incorrect
Correct
1.      He works here often.
2.      We go to school always.
3.      Usually I sleep at nine.
4.      They yesterday saw a film.
5.      Never you behave well.
6.      I don’t know to make tea.
7.      We don’t know the reason why you smoke.
8.      This is the place where we lived two years ago.
He often works here.
We always go to school.
I usually sleep at nine.
They saw a film yesterday.
You never behave well.
I don’t know how to make tea.
We don’t know why you smoke.
This is where/ This is the place we lived two years ago.
5
Incorrect
Correct
1.      A:  Do you speak English?
B:  Of course, I do.
2.      The students came out of the class by and by.
3.      Go directly to the office.
4.      It is nothing else than your carelessness.
5.      I work every day other but Sunday.
6.      We could do nothing but complained.
A:  Do you speak English?
B:  Certainly, I do.
The students came out of the class one by one.
Go direct to the office.
It is nothing else but your carelessness.
I work every day other than Sunday.
We could do nothing but complain.
6
Incorrect
Correct
1.      Don’t talk of running. He even cannot walk.
2.      I already have done my work.
3.      He yet has not passed BA.
4.      Are you working with the Lever Brothers still?
5.      I lately have read a good book.
6.      Just you had phoned me when I reached you.
7.      The movie was fine. We liked it on the whole.
Don’t talk of running. He cannot even walk.
I have already done my work.
He has not passed BA yet.
Are you still working with the Lever Brothers ?
I have read a good book lately.
You had just phoned me when I reached you.
The movie was fine. We liked the whole of it.
7
Incorrect
Correct
1.      When in my home, do as we do.
2.      I was always worried when a teacher in the hostel.
3.      I cannot stay with you longer.
4.      He has been teaching here since four years.
5.      We have been away from each other since almost a week.
6.      I have been waiting for you for Monday.
While in my home/ When you are  in my home, do as we do.
I was always worried when I was a / while a teacher in the hostel.
I can no longer stay with you.
He has been teaching here for four years.
We have been away from each other for almost a week/ since almost a week ago.
I have been waiting for you since Monday.
8
Incorrect
Correct
1.      I scarcely see him nowadays.
2.      Never she has been to see me ever since her first visit.
3.      Never I have experienced such a great problem before.
4.      Hardly you had left when I came to you.
5.      Not once he has invited me to the party.
6.      Very seldom a Pakistani film get hit.
7.      I like fishing but sometime I go walking.
8.      Why don’t you come over to me sometimes and have a chat?
9.      Sometime we completely forget that others are also human beings.
10. That once a teacher, he is a director now.
11.  I once a student at PU, I am teaching there now.
I rarely see him nowadays.
Never has she been to see me ever since her first visit.
Never have I experienced such a great problem before.
Hardly had you left than I came to you.
Not once has he invited me to the party.
Very seldom does a Pakistani film get hit.
I like fishing but sometimes I go walking.
Why don’t you come over to me sometime and have a chat?
Sometimes we completely forget that others are also human beings.
Once a teacher, he is a director now.
Once a student at PU, I am teaching there now.
9
Incorrect
Correct
1.      Pakistan came into being on the fourteen of August, 1947.
2.      I joined this college on ten March.
3.      The BA result is first August.
4.      On the four of March, I am flying to Greece.
5.      Pakistani people are poor wholly.
6.      The house was destroyed as a whole.
Pakistan came into being on the fourteenth of August, 1947.
I joined this college on the tenth of March.
The BA result is the first of August.
On the fourth of March, I am flying to Greece.
As a whole (generally), Pakistani people are poor.
The house was wholly destroyeddestroyed wholly.

Correct English Grammar: Adjectives – 2

Adjectives are qualifying words, which add quality to noun or pronoun or modify them. Adjectives are limited to nouns and pronouns so, they cannot modify or qualify verbs. Adjectives ,the descriptive words, are very helpful in making descriptions, and they compose a larger part of English Language.
Common English Rules: Adjectives – 2
1.      The order of Adjectival Sequencers is as follows: One…….Another………….The other(s)   and Some…..The others……….The rest.
2.      The structure with So/Such is as follows: So nice a man or such a nice man or so good (no other possibility)

3.      Interesting/interested  etc. Wrong use of words are corrected .
4.      Verbs of perception take Adjectives, not Adverbs.
5.      The before the positive degrees of Adjectives makes them plural Nouns. Some words such as Silly etc. look like Adverbs, but are Adjectives. So, they cannot modify verbs. Later is the comparative form of Late and The Latter shows the last thing or person mentioned. Some thing which is Last is final but something which is Latest is current and up-to date.
6
Incorrect
Correct
1.      One of my friends studies Linguistics, another (friend) learns languages and the another (friend) is jobless these days.
2.      There are three major places of interest in Lahore: One is the museum, another is the zoo and the another is the fort and the mosque.
3.      One problem is English and other is Maths.
4.      Some people are poor, others are mediocre and the others are rich.
5.      He’s going to the gate the tenth.
6.      Look up this word in volume third of the Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.
One of my friends studies Linguistics, another (friend) learns languages and the other (friend) is jobless these days.
There are three major places of interest in Lahore: One is the museum, another is the zoo and the other is the fort and the mosque.
One problem is English and the other is Maths.
Some people are poor, the others are mediocre and the rest are rich.
He’s going to the tenth gate/the gate ten.
Look up this word in the third volume /volume two of the Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.
7
Incorrect
Correct
1.      You are so careless as you don’t do any work.
2.      English is too/very easy that any one can learn it.
3.      She is so intelligent girl that every one begin to like her.
4.      They are such a good people that every one loves them.
5.      It is a so nice advice that you gave me.
6.      He is very/so young to go abroad.
7.      I am too pleased to see you.
8.      Tea is too hot for drink.
9.      He is too busy nowadays.
10. She was very annoyed/ hurt/surprised/frightened/ injured yesterday.

11.  He is very richer than I.
You are so careless that you don’t do any work.
English is so easy that any one can learn it.
She is such an intelligent girl that every one begin to like her/ She is so intelligent a girl that every one begin to like her.
They are such good people that every one loves them.
It is such nice advice that you gave me.
He is too young to go abroad.
I am very pleased to see you.
Tea is too hot to drink.
He is very busy nowadays.
She was much annoyed/ hurt/ surprised/frightened/ injured yesterday.
He is much/far richer than I.
8
Incorrect
Correct
1.      That guy is really interested.
2.      The letter has reached the concerning authorities.
3.      I am much surprising by your remarks.
That guy is really interesting.
The letter has reached the concerned authorities.
I am much surprised by your remarks.
9
Incorrect
Correct
1.      Flowers smell sweetly.
2.      The tea tastes well.
3.      Don’t feel badly about these petty things.
4.      She seems happily today.
5.      She seemed real sad.
Flowers smell sweet.
The tea tastes good.
Don’t feel bad about these petty things.
She seems happy today.
She seemed really sad.
10
Incorrect
Correct
1.      His house is further from yours.
2.      Aslam is our mutual friend.
3.      I have sent verbal messages to all of them.
4.      It’s not difficult to get passing marks in BA.
5.      We should help the poors and the needies.
6.      My all hopes were dashed to the ground.
7.      The baby cried in pain whole the night.
8.      The whole Lahore roared with happiness.
9.      This is a worth enjoying place.
10. He is enough brave to do that.
11.  She wanted the both apples.
12.  We are at seven page.
13.  I have never met so a good teacher.
14.  She is not a coward woman.
15.  You are not a miser man.
16.  She is braver than any girl in the class.
17.  This is the last technology.
18.  I came to the class latter than he.
19.  Ali and Aslam are friends. I don’t like the later/last.
20. We watched three movies. The latter was the best.
21.  Ali was the latest man to come to the party.
22. You are very hard worker.
23. I have no any friends here.



24. My younger brother is in class sixth.
His house is farther than yours.
Aslam is our common friend.
I have sent oral messages to all of them.
It’s not difficult to get pass marks in BA.
We should help the poor and the needy.
All my hopes were dashed to the ground.
The baby cried in pain the whole night.
The whole of Lahore roared with happiness.
This is a place worth enjoying.
He is brave enough to do that.
She wanted both the apples.
We are at page seven.
I have never met such a good teacher.
She is not a cowardly woman/She is not cowardly.
You are not a miserly man/ You are not a miser.
She is braver than any other girl in the class.
This is the latest technology.
I came to the class later than he.
Ali and Aslam are friends. I don’t like the latter.
We watched three movies. The last (one) was the best.
Ali was the last man to come to the party.
You are very hardworking.
I have no friends here.
My younger brother is in class six/ in the sixth class.

Correct English Grammar: Adjectives – 1

Adjectives are qualifying words, which add quality to noun or pronoun or modify them. Adjectives are limited to nouns and pronouns so, they cannot modify or qualify verbs. Adjectives, the descriptive words, are very helpful in making descriptions, and they compose a larger part of English Language.

Common English Rules: Adjectives – 1 

1.      ELDER is not the comparative form of OLD, so it cannot be used in Comparison. We do not use MORE  before a comparative form (two comparative forms are not used together). When the comparison is made to the whole, the speaker must be excluded. The quality or possession of something must be compared with the quality or possession of another, not the object itself. When one thing or person is compared with the two, we used comparative form with THE and OF instead of THAN.
2.      After words like SENIOR, JUNIOR, INFERIOR, we use TO instead of THAN.
3.      LITTLE is used for quantity and FEW for number. The comparative form of LITTLE is Less and the comparative form of FEW is FEWER. A LITTLE means some and LITTLE means Not enough. Similarly, A FEW is Some and FEW is Not enough. We don’t use NOT ANY instead we use NO alone.
4.      We use SAME — AS not SAME — LIKE. We use ENOUGH before nouns and after adjectives.
5.      LIKE is a Preposition and ALIKE is an ADVERB. We cannot leave LIKE at the end of a sentence.

1
Incorrect
Correct

1.      He is an abler teacher.
2.      I am elder to/than you.
3.      You are more happier than me.
4.      He is the richest man of the world.
5.      She is the most intelligent in all (girls).
6.      Karachi is the larger of all Pakistani cities.
7.      She is more intelligent than the whole class.

8.      I am stronger than any man in the room.
9.      I am the strongest of all men.
10. We are happier than any one in the world.
11.  She is the wisest of the two.
12.  You are becoming more cleverer and more.
13.  They are cleverer than wiser.
14.  You are comparatively richer.
15.  Nearer the mosque, farther from God.
16.  More you practice, the well you speak.
17.  His results are better than any other teacher.

18.  The atmosphere of Islamabad is better than Lahore.
19.  My car is faster than you/your.

20. Of the two brothers, he is the best.
21.  Of these two dolls, this is the most beautiful.
22. Of all the boys, I think, he is the least intelligent.

23. Of the two, he is the best.

He is an able teacher.
I am older than you.
You are happier than I.

He is the richest man in the world.
She is the most intelligent of all (girls).
Karachi is the largest of all Pakistani cities.
She is the most intelligent of any one else in the whole class.
I am stronger than any other man in the room.
I am the strongest of all other men.
We are happier than anyone else in the world.
She is the wiser of the two.
You are becoming more and more clever.
They are more clever than wise.
You are comparatively rich.
The nearer the mosque, the farther from God.
The more you practice, the better you speak.
His results are better than those of any other teacher.
The atmosphere of Islamabad is better than that of Lahore.
My car is faster than yours.

Of the two brothers, he is the better.
Of these two dolls, this is the more beautiful.
Of all of the boys, I think, he is the less intelligent.
Of the two, he is the better.

2
Incorrect
Correct

1.      He was totally ignorant of the fact prior than the meeting.
2.      You are senior than me.
3.      His family members are travelling to the north.


He was totally ignorant of the fact prior to the meeting.
You are senior to me.
The members of his family are traveling to the north

3
Incorrect
Correct

1.      There is few milk in the fridge.
2.      I have little rupees in my pocket.
3.      I have less problems than you.
4.      She earns fewer money than I.
5.      There is little water in the jug. You can drink it.

6.      You can do nothing with a few rupees.
7.      You have to live on less salary.
8.      A number of students has completed the course.

9.      The number of students in my class is less.
10. There are much students around.
11.  There is many tea in the pot.
12.  There is many news in the paper.
13.  There are many mistakes in this essay.
14.  There is not boy in the class.
15.  There was not any milk.
16.  The father left a large number of wealth for his sons.
17.  The teacher gave his students a large amount of assignments.

There is some/little/a little milk in the fridge.
I have few/a few rupees in my pocket.
I have fewer problems than you.
She earns less money than I.
There is a little water in the jug. You can drink it.
You can do nothing with few rupees.
You have to live on small salary.
A number of students have completed the course.
The number of students in my class is few/small.
There are many students around.
There is much tea in the pot.
There is much news in the paper.
There are too many mistakes in this essay.
There is no boy in the class.
There was no milk.
The father left a large amount of wealth for his sons.
The teacher gave his students a large number of assignments.
                           
4
Incorrect
Correct

1.      Your book is same like mine.
2.      My new bike was exactly the same to yours.
3.      His ideas are similar as mine.
4.      Almost people here live on fish.

5.      The most boys failed in English.
6.      Most of teachers at our college are hardworking.

7.      There are enough thing for us.
8.      He is as old enough to go home alone.
9.      I am enough brave to fight with you.


Your book is the same as mine.
My new bike was exactly the same as yours.
His ideas are similar to mine.
Almost all of the /most of the people here live on fish.
Most/ Most of the boys failed in English.
Most of/Almost all of the teachers at our college are hardworking.
There are enough things for us.
He is old enough to go home alone.
I am brave enough to fight with you.


5
Incorrect
Correct

1.      These two cars are like.

2.      This place feels as home.
3.      I have a bike same like yours.

4.      The brothers don’t look like.

5.      He is the same age like me.
6.      My feet are the same size than yours.
7.      Our house is different than/to yours.
8.      I have told you more than thousand times.


These two cars are alike/ like each other.
This place feels like home.
I have a bike like yours/ like the one you have.
The brothers don’t look alike/ look like each other.
He is the same age as me.
My feet are the same size as yours.
Our house is different from  yours.
I have told you more than a thousand times.